“Welcome back, welcome home! “. After his famous “Make our planet great again”Emmanuel Macron once again used the English language in his climate diplomacy, this time welcoming the announced return of the United States to the Paris Agreement. “Welcome back, welcome home! “ (“Happy to see you again at home!”), Launched the Head of State to the address of “Our American friends”, during the ” Climate ambition summit ”, organized virtually by the UN, France and Great Britain.
Accompanied in particular by Laurent Fabius, the French President acknowledged, during his short speech, that since its signature five years ago, the Paris Agreement had been “Tossed”. “We continued to move forward, to work, despite the American choice”, he hammered, in reference to the withdrawal of the United States decided by Donald Trump, but “We held”.
“We don’t have much”
Emmanuel Macron, however, underlined the difficulties that remain to be overcome to meet the objectives of this agreement. “We do not have a lot of time in front of us and the action must be immediate, we know that”, he clarified. He particularly insisted on the need to “Give us a trajectory and credible means to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050”. This will require, according to him, the reorientation of public and private financial flows to align them with the Paris agreement, but also a plan to fight inequalities.
Emmanuel Macron also underlined the “Very strong measures” for the environment taken as part of the recovery plan to overcome the crisis linked to Covid-19, in particular in favor of thermal renovation and renewal of the vehicle fleet. And added the arrival ” in the next weeks “ of a law resulting from the Citizen’s Climate Convention (CCC), to promote “Very concrete solutions”.
Declare a state of climate emergency
Earlier, during the opening of this summit organized by videoconference to relaunch efforts to fight against global warming, the UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, called ” world leaders to declare a state of climate emergency in their country until carbon neutrality is achieved ”.
Five years ago, the international community pledged to contain global warming “Clearly” below +2 ° C, and if possible +1.5 ° C, compared to the pre-industrial era. But the commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions made by the various countries “Were not sufficient” and “Have not been respected”, stressed Antonio Guterres, before recalling that it is necessary to “Reduce global emissions by 45% by 2030 compared to 2010 levels”.
With less than a year to go before COP26 to be held in November 2021 in Glasgow, Scotland, the UN Secretary General urged everyone “To show ambition, to put an end to the blows dealt to our planet, and to do what is necessary to guarantee the future of our children and our grandchildren”.
“A much more destructive challenge than the coronavirus pandemic”
Prior to the summit, several states announced ambitious plans to reduce their GHG emissions. On Friday 11 December, the 27 EU countries agreed to reduce their emissions of“At least 55%” by 2030 compared to the 1990 level, against – 40% previously.
China, the world’s largest polluter, recently announced its intention to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060, while President-elect Joe Biden pledged the United States to meet that goal by 2060 to 2050.
For his part, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has announced that the United Kingdom will stop ” as soon as possible “ to financially support fossil energy projects abroad. The UK government has also pledged to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 68% by 2030.
“My message to you all, Boris Johnson said at the summit, is that together we can use scientific advancements to protect our planet, our biosphere, from a much worse, far more destructive challenge than the coronavirus pandemic. “