Coronavirus, what you need to know this week: deconfinement pending
While the indicators seem to reach a plateau, the executive could revise its strategy for the end of the year holidays.
The French who hoped for a relaxation of restrictions on December 15 next should they expect a sledgehammer? Faced with the risk of a third wave, the executive must clarify this Thursday the new scenario for the end of year celebrations. Advanced curfew, maintaining the closure of theaters, everything is studied. Only one certainty, the Christmas dinner will be a puzzle. It could however be saving for confined French people who multiply the signs of psychological distress. At United Kingdom, the mood is more cheerful with the kickoff of the vaccination campaign given on Tuesday. Queen Elizabeth II, like all elderly people, will be one of the first beneficiaries. As for the origin of the coronavirus which shook the whole world in 2020, it is still unknown. It is not, however, for lack of being hunted down.
Camille Lestienne, journalist at Le Figaro.
1. What deconfinement for Christmas?
Will we be deconfined on December 15th? The figures are not there. The threshold of 5,000 cases of contamination per day advanced by Emmanuel Macron for deconfining is far from being reached. As of Wednesday, there were 14,595 new cases of Covid-19 detected in 24 hours. “There is a risk of third wave“, Warns Gabriel Attal, the government spokesman. After a defense council held yesterday, the Prime Minister will announce this Thursday at the end of the day at a press conference the new measures applicable to December 15. The executive wants to be cautious and does not seem to want to limit travel between regions. In the meantime, the world of culture is holding its breath. “It’s the emotional roller coaster, we’re not sure of anything anymore“, Testifies the owner of a cinema, which does not know if it will be able to reopen its doors next Tuesday. And yet the French are already deconfining themselves as evidenced by the displacement curves while a network of clandestine parties has been dismantled.
The puzzle of the end of the year holidays. Le Figaro reviews ways to limit risk. How to deal with the turkey? Space out, bring your cutlery… and be silent. “The ideal would be to have silent dinners, we know that it is impossible but speaking loudly increases the risks», Recalls a specialist. Those who are accustomed to heated Christmas meals may well be happy about it, but the French are rather preparing to select their guests, or even to draw them lots. Even if there are only six adults around the turkey, you might as well have dinner in good company. “Those who never receive back, those who are unpleasant, or break the mood … It is really not reasonable to receive them with the Covid!“, Nathalie laughs to the Figaro. As for inviting grandparents who reside in nursing homes, it will be necessary to weigh the pros and cons with them. Upon their return, they could be isolated for seven days.
During this time, sanity toasts. While the care of mental health in France is pointed out, an investigation alerts on the wave of suicides which is to be feared after the deconfinement. “All studies show that the suicidal effects of seizures are felt within several months or even years.», Recall the authors who point to three categories at risk: business leaders, artisans-traders and the unemployed. “I can not stand it anymore“,”I do not know what to do“, The toll-free number launched by Bercy has already received more than 1,400 calls from small employers in distress cornered by debts and difficulties. But adolescents also suffer. With re-containment, specialists observe an increase in suicidal attacks, anxiety and anorexic disorders, addictions to screens. Another formidable effect of confinement on health, that of diagnostic delays. Those of the first confinement could cause up to 6,000 cancer deaths in France.
2. UK vaccination kick-off
V-Day in UK. On Tuesday, our neighbors across the Channel launched their vaccination campaign against Covid-19 with the doses provided by the Pfizer and BioNtech laboratories. Four million people will have to be by the end of the year including Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, both in their 90s and people at risk. After the case of two people who reacted badly to the first injections, the British health authorities have however advised against inoculating the vaccine to people who have had in the past “significant allergic reactions”. While the UK is the first western state to be vaccinated, Europe is also preparing. “I can assure you that the marketing authorization process in the EU is very robust and really gives you confidence that the product is safe.», Declares to Figaro the Executive Director of the European Medicines Agency (EMA). Our computer graphics department takes stock of the speed race engaged by many countries to ensure a minimum stock of anti-Covid-19 vaccine. Almost 10 billion doses have already been reserved and 3.8 billion have already been purchased by rich countries.
3. The investigation into the origins of the Covid is slipping
Experts are tracking the origins of covid. A time suspected of having played an intermediary role between the bat and the man, the pangolin is little by little cleared. Pigs, mink, civets, or others, what other animal species will be indicted? The international experts charged by the WHO to determine it are not at the end of their sentence as China is reluctant to cooperate. None of them were able to set foot in Wuhan’s huge seafood and wildlife market. For Beijing, the virus comes from abroad, via imported frozen products. A thesis that makes it possible to eclipse the initial missteps of the regime. Retrospective analyzes carried out in Europe and the United States, in particular on wastewater, however, suggest that the virus had left China several times before the official announcement of the epidemic. The first cases that went unnoticed. “The difficulty with this disease is that the symptoms are very protean, analyzes a specialist from the Institut Pasteur, it is very difficult to distinguish it from other respiratory diseases. It is therefore entirely possible that some cases have gone under the radar. ”
4. Containment, instructions for use
Entered into force on October 30, confinement is in progress until December 15. From November 28, however, the system is lightened with the opening in particular of non-essential shops, home services and the resumption of worship. The exit certificate is always compulsory.
What is allowed (since November 28):
- Leave his home to accompany the children to school, go to work, to a court summons, a medical appointment, a mission of general interest, to make purchases, for compelling family reasons, help with precarious or fragile person, physical exercise within a radius of 20 km and for 3 hours. Certificates must be presented for this under penalty of a fine of 135 euros.
- The practice of professional sport
- Visits to nursing homes
- Outdoor extra-curricular activities
- Religious ceremonies within the limit of 30 people
What is prohibited:
- Gatherings between friends, family reunions.
- Travel between regions and travel to Europe, except for the reasons already listed. Borders outside the EU are still closed.
5. Reflexes to keep
A few simple actions can limit the spread of the virus. Here they are :
- Wash your hands every hour or use hydroalcoholic gel
- Cough or sneeze into the crease of your elbow
- Use disposable tissues
- Avoid kissing or shaking hands
- Wear a mask in public spaces when respect for physical distances is not guaranteed.
Covid-19 is transmitted by droplets (respiratory secretions), by close contact with an infected person, especially when the latter coughs or sneezes. But it can also be transmitted through the air. The virus also remains viable for a few hours on different surfaces.
The disease manifests itself in several symptoms. In 9 out of 10 cases, this results in a fever below 39 ° C. According to the World Health Organization, this fever is most often accompanied by fatigue, signs of shortness of breath and a dry cough. Often a loss of smell and taste.
6. What to do in case of symptoms?
The most important thing is to get tested. According to the recommendations of the Ministry of Health, you should, in case of symptoms, stay at home and contact your doctor who will order a test. While waiting for the result, you must isolate yourself, wear a mask and prepare a list of people you could have infected.
If the test is positive, the Primary Health Insurance Fund will contact people likely to be infected. You must then remain isolated for at least 8 days, taking care not to infect your loved ones. Watch your health. In case of fever, take paracetamol. Plan a follow-up remote consultation with your doctor if necessary. If you feel that you are having difficulty breathing, call 15.
If the test is negative, contact your doctor and follow his instructions.
See you next week.