Coronavirus, what you need to know this week: France under curfew, week 1
Since last Saturday, nearly 20 million French people have been living under curfew, soon joined by the inhabitants of the new departments probably placed on maximum alert in the coming days. These measures are globally well accepted despite a few hiccups. The epidemic continues to grow in France as well as in Europe where countries like ireland make even more restrictive decisions. As hospitals fill up like Saint Etienne, looking for a miracle drug continues its course. Scientific and technological advances deciphered by the guests of the Big Bang Health and the drafting of Figaro.
Camille Lestienne, journalist at Figaro
1. France under curfew, Ireland reconfined
The cover of the curfew extends over France. New departments are preparing to go on high alert according to government spokesman Gabriel Attal. The announcement should be made this Thursday evening during the weekly government press briefing, this time led by the Prime Minister. These territories will then be subject to curfew like the nine metropolises which have been experimenting with it for six days. Last Saturday, at 9 p.m., some 20 million French people lived their first evening under curfew. “It’s 9 p.m., it looks like it’s 1 a.m.», Lamented a Parisian waiter while a wild demonstration quickly dispersed disputed the measure in the streets of the capital and in Toulouse. Overall, “the curfew is respected», Welcomed the Minister of the Interior Gerald Darmanin who reported Monday of 19,300 checks and 3,000 verbalizations made by the police this first weekend. In sensitive areas of Grenoble, reinforcements were deployed to cover the early evening and night. A quack to be deplored, that of transport. In the Paris region, users complain of “crowded” trainsets between 8 p.m. and 9 p.m.
Europe is also reconfiguring itself. France is no exception. In Europe, many countries are taking more or less drastic restrictive measures. In Belgium, cafes and restaurants have been closed since Monday for four weeks. In Italy, Lombardy is establishing a curfew from 11 p.m. to 5 a.m. from Thursday. Italy has seen a sharp increase in new cases of Covid-19 since Friday, with more than 10,000 patients per day. Dublin goes further. Since midnight Wednesday, Ireland has been the first country in the European Union to reconfine its population. All non-essential shops are closed, but schools and nurseries remain open. “If we unite our efforts for the next six weeks, we will have the opportunity to celebrate Christmas properly”, assured Prime Minister Micheal Martin. Outside Europe, Israel, which has already reconfigured itself, faces a challenge to its instructions by some ultra-Orthodox Jews.
2. The epidemic is progressing, so is medical research
Saint-Étienne and its region at the heart of the cyclone. While the epidemic is flaring again in France with 26,676 new cases and 166 deaths in the past 24 hours, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region is facing a critical situation, particularly in Saint-Étienne. In just three weeks, the city of seven hills has moved from tenth to first place in the ranking of cities with the most new cases per capita (608 per 100,000 inhabitants) while the hospitalization rate for Covid-19 in the area was multiplied by 2.5. In Lyon, but also in Paris, Lille or Bordeaux, the Christmas market has already been canceled. At the same time, the idea that the epidemic is not so deadly is circulating extensively on social media and is becoming very popular. The drafting of Figaro sift through the numbers and do the math.
In search of the miracle drug. Since the start of the epidemic, the race for the drug that would cure the most serious cases has not weakened. While the hope for tocilizumab is high, it has yet to be confirmed. This antibody intended to calm the immune storm in severe cases indeed presents encouraging results, but contrasted. As for the “miracle” molecule studied by the Institut Pasteur de Lille (IPL) for the treatment of Covid-19, its name has been revealed even if the greatest secrecy still reigns over the progress of research. It is clofoctol already marketed in the form of suppositories until 2005. In addition, new studies tend to prove that people with blood type O are less vulnerable to the virus, protected by their anti-A and anti-B antibodies. . Another advantage is that groups O and B are less likely to see their condition worsen than groups A and AB. Less fortunate, patients would have been infected twice by the coronavirus. Extremely rare cases of reinfection that question the scientific community. The latter favors for the moment the track of an individual susceptibility.
3. See you today for the third morning of the Big Bang Santé
The Big Bang Health that we announced to you some time ago is taking place this week. This Thursday from 10:30 am to noon, you will find an intervention by Charles-Edouard Bouée, co-managing partner of Alpha Intelligence Capital (AIC), based in Shanghai, a debate on the role of new technologies in the crisis and Cédric O, Secretary of State in charge of Digital Transition and Electronic Communications, which will do us the honor of unveiling some avenues of the new tracking application.
The philosopher and psychoanalyst Cynthia Fleury, who opened the first morning on Tuesday, October 20, estimated that “to take care of human life is to take care of humanity of life“. As part of a debate on containment, Karine Lacombe, infectious disease specialist, head of service at Saint-Antoine Hospital, did not rule out the possibility that the virus would become seasonal.
Stéphane Bancel, the French CEO of Moderna Therapeutics, for his part announced Wednesday, October 21 that he should file an emergency authorization for a vaccine at the end of November-beginning of December, while our correspondent in Beijing Sébastien Falletti explained that ‘“Today 100,000 people had already undergone an injection of vaccine in China”.
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4. Curfew instructions for use
Since October 17 and for at least four weeks, nine metropolises classified in “maximum alert”(Île-de-France, Lille, Grenoble, Lyon, Aix-Marseille, Montpellier, Rouen, Toulouse and Saint-Étienne) are subject to a curfew. Other territories should join them in the coming days.
From 9 p.m. to 6 a.m., travel is prohibited. The inhabitants of these areas must present a certificate to leave their home establishing that they are among the exceptional cases: visit to the doctor, the duty pharmacy or the hospital, professional reason, travel by plane or train (the ticket making faith), help for vulnerable or insecure people, pressing family reasons or child custody, judicial or administrative summons as well as walking a pet. In the event of violation of these rules, they incur a fine of 135 euros and up to 3,750 euros in the event of a repeat offense.
In these perimeters, bars, sports establishments, games rooms, fairs and salons are closed all day and funfairs are prohibited. Higher education institutions cannot accommodate more than 50% of face-to-face students.
In the rest of the country, restrictions are also in force: no gathering of more than 6 in public space, ban on festive gatherings (weddings, student parties) in public rooms, reinforced health protocol.
5. Reflexes to keep
A few simple actions can limit the spread of the virus. Here they are :
- Wash your hands every hour or use hydroalcoholic gel
- Cough or sneeze into the crease of your elbow
- Use disposable tissues
- Avoid kissing or shaking hands
- Wear a mask in public spaces when respect for physical distances is not guaranteed.
Covid-19 is transmitted through droplets (respiratory secretions), by close contact with an infected person, especially when the latter coughs or sneezes. But it can also be transmitted through the air. The virus also remains viable for a few hours on different surfaces.
The disease manifests itself in several symptoms. In 9 out of 10 cases, this results in a fever below 39 ° C. According to the World Health Organization, this fever is most often accompanied by fatigue, signs of shortness of breath and a dry cough. Often a loss of smell and taste.
5. What to do in case of symptoms?
The most important thing is to get tested. According to the recommendations of the Ministry of Health, you should, in case of symptoms, stay at home and contact your doctor who will order a test. While waiting for the result, you must isolate yourself, wear a mask and prepare a list of people you could have infected.
If the test is positive, the Primary Health Insurance Fund will contact people likely to be infected. You must then remain isolated for at least 8 days, taking care not to infect your loved ones. Watch your health. In case of fever, take paracetamol. If necessary, schedule a follow-up remote consultation with your doctor. If you feel that you are having difficulty breathing, call 15.
If the test is negative, contact your doctor and follow his instructions.
See you next week.