Does fact-checking help?

PSYCHOLOGY – Faced with false information that abound in the media landscape, more and more journalists are struggling to dissect it. But is the struggle effective and capable of convincing?

Getting informed has become a real challenge, and the plurality of information does not only have qualities at a time when “fake news” is numerous and omnipresent. Social networks and the Internet, media, think tank fueling an ideology or even political wars between countries … Many actors, old or new, in good faith or knowingly manipulating public opinion, participate in disinformation. For several years now, a practice has entered journalistic mores: “fact-checking”. The idea is simple: when information seems strange, specialized journalists verify it. It is not then a question of going to seek (and verify) new information, but of judging the veracity of an affirmation advanced by others. But several questions arise: is fact-checking effective, and on what? How to quantify its effect? Do other measures make it possible to better fight against disinformation? …

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