How to diagnose and treat winter depression

OUR PSYCHOLOGY ADVICE – This seasonal mood disorder, which disappears in spring, is thought to affect up to 10% of the population.

It is not uncommon to feel tired and dejected during the fall and winter seasons. The fate of the cat curled up in a ball on our sofa seems to us to be the most enviable: if only we could sleep as much as possible, while waiting for spring … But this banal “winter blues” has nothing to do with what the DSM-5, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association, a reference work in psychiatry, qualifies as recurrent major depressive disorder “With seasonal pattern”.

This occurs at a particular time of year (in autumn or winter, or more rarely in summer) and disappears spontaneously in spring. To be certain that it is a seasonal affective disorder, it takes two major depressive episodes in the last two years, without a major non-seasonal depressive episode during that same period.

The Dr Éric Charles, psychiatrist at the Esquirol Hospital Center in Limoges and author ofAntidepressants,

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