Argentina is stepping up initiatives in the area of social rights. In December 2020, after years of fighting in the streets and in the Senate, pro-abortion activists celebrated before Congress in Buenos Aires the approval of the bill to legalize voluntary termination of pregnancy for up to fourteen weeks.
→ ANALYSIS. Abortion becomes legal in Argentina
In 2021, the country now becomes the only one in Latin America to recognize maternity in the calculation of pensions. In force since Wednesday August 4, the new accounting system recognizes maternity-related tasks as a full-fledged job. Women over 60 who have had children, but who lack the necessary 30 years of contribution, will thus earn annuities.
To benefit from this new system, Argentines must register on the website of the National Social Security Agency (Anses). One hour after its launch, more than 1,500 women had registered.
“A woman with children is 5 times more likely to become poor”
Before this measure, explains sociologist Élodie Bordat-Chauvin, Argentinian mothers had to work until the age of 70 to earn annuities. “We can estimate that 80% of women of retirement age do not, because they do not have the necessary annuities. Gold 76% of domestic chores are carried out by women, who work 6.4 hours a day to take care of the children ”, notes this specialist in cultural policies in Latin America and Europe.
The resulting economic inequalities are real. “A woman with children is five times more likely to become poor than a woman without children, continues the sociologist. School is compulsory from the age of 4 in Argentina. For a woman who cannot afford a nanny, the only solution is to look after the child or leave the task to a family member. “
Reducing economic inequalities, the government’s goal
The measure was developed by the Ministry of the Economy, itself attached to the secretariat for equality between men and women. ” With this measure, we give visibility and repair a historical and structural inequality, by recognizing and valuing the time that women devote to the education of their children ”, Said Argentinian ANSES in the online media Infobae.
Before the law, 300,000 women between 60 and 64 could not retire. From 2021, they will be 155,000 to benefit from this right, thanks to the new calculation system. Reducing inequalities between men and women is a declared objective of the center-left president Alberto Fernandez, elected at the end of 2019 and who intends to include this new law in rupture with the previous neoliberal policy. For Élodie Bordat-Chauvin, this progress comes from ” partly correct the inequalities ”.
→ ANALYSIS. Alberto Fernandez elected, Peronism back to power in Argentina
Argentina also remains a pioneer country in South America in the advancement of social rights. Since July 21, 2021, a specific identity card has been issued for people who do not recognize themselves as male or female. A first in the region.