Three American gestures to relaunch the Iranian nuclear agreement of 2015. After a virtual meeting of the heads of French, British, German and American diplomacy, the United States announced, Thursday, February 18, to accept an invitation from the Union European Union to talks with Tehran.
These discussions would bring together the signatory countries of the agreement in 2015 (Iran, United States, Germany, China, France, United Kingdom and Russia) with the objective of ” to open a way to try to return to a situation where the United States and Iran will be in compliance again ” with the nuclear deal. The Spanish diplomat Enrique Mora, deputy secretary general of the European Service for External Action (EEAS) of the EU, sent an invitation to this effect to the countries concerned.
→ ANALYSIS. Iranian nuclear: talks to save the deal intensify
A little earlier, the French ministers Jean-Yves Le Drian, German Heiko Maas, British Dominic Raab and American Antony Blinken had affirmed, after a videoconference, their objective of “See Iran return to full respect for its commitments” planned for 2015, in order to “Preserve the nuclear non-proliferation regime and ensure that Iran can never acquire a nuclear weapon”.
Affirmation of return of sanctions against Iran quashed
The new American administration canceled, in the process, a unilateral proclamation, made in September 2020 by the government of Donald Trump on a return of international sanctions against Iran.
In a letter to the United Nations (UN) Security Council, Acting US Ambassador Richard Mills indicates that international sanctions “Lifted by resolution 2231” of ONU of 2015 confirming the Iranian nuclear agreement concluded the same year with Tehran “Remain lifted”.
→ CONTEXT. Six years ago the Iran nuclear deal was signed
The September 2020 announcement by the Trump administration – which decided in 2018 to withdraw the United States from the agreement – was deemed null and void by a large majority of other members of the Security Council.
Restrictions on Iranian diplomats eased
The State Department has finally announced the easing of restrictions on the travel of Iranian diplomats to the UN in New York. These restrictions had been significantly increased by the Trump administration.
They required these diplomats and the head of Iranian diplomacy to be confined to a few streets around the UN headquarters with a very specific route to and from Kennedy airport.
Their reduction will allow them to return to a previous situation allowing them to move freely in New York and its immediate surroundings. This rule, which also applied to the diplomatic missions of Cuba and North Korea, remains in force.
The arbitration of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
Will the Iranians agree to join the discussions? ” The United States has acknowledged that Pompeo’s claims regarding the resolution 2231 had no legal validity. We agree. In compliance with 2231: The United States unconditionally and effectively lift all sanctions imposed, reimposed or relabeled by Trump. We will then immediately reverse all corrective actions. Simple: #CommitActMeet »Reacted, Friday February 19, on his Twitter account the head of Iranian diplomacy Mohammad Javad Zarif.
US acknowledged Pompeo’s claims re Res. 2231 had no legal validity.
In compliance w / 2231:
US unconditionally & effectively lift all sanctions imposed, re-imposed or re-labeled by Trump.
We will then immediately reverse all remedial measures.
– Javad Zarif (@JZarif) February 19, 2021
In recent days, President Hassan Rouhani and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif have hinted that they are ready to discuss a synchronized approach in which both sides will take steps to return to the agreement, in a sequence negotiated by mutual agreement.
” Iran has not imposed a red line on technical discussions regarding the implementation of the 2015 agreement, particularly if these are presented as a meeting of the states parties to the agreement with the United States. »Analyzes Ellie Geranmayeh, researcher at the European Council of Foreign Relations (ECFR). “ Mohammad Javad Zarif himself suggested this format under the aegis of the European Union “. It remains to be seen whether, just four months away from the Iranian presidential election, Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, the country’s highest authority, and the country’s political and military leaders will fully support re-engagement with the United States.
Washington’s triple move comes as Iran plans to limit access, as of Tuesday, February 23, for investigators from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to some of its nuclear sites. IAEA Director General Rafael Grossi is due in Iran on Saturday February 20 for “Find a mutually acceptable solution”.