This meteorological phenomenon, strong hot winds loaded with sand dust from the Sahara desert, is called in Spain the “calima”.
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Spain turned orange. A fine layer of sand from the Sahara fell during the night of Monday 14 to Tuesday on Madrid and a good part of the country. Many of them, on Tuesday morning, rinsed the roof of their car, their terrace or the plants on their balcony with a jet of water in the heart of the Spanish capital where this fine ocher powder was deposited.
This meteorological phenomenon, strong hot winds loaded with sand dust from the Sahara desert, is called in Spain the “calima”. It is quite common, especially in the Canary archipelago, located in northwest Africa.
The degraded air quality in the affected areas
This “calima” this time affected Spain from the southeast to the northwest, from the region of Murcia to Cantabria, giving rise to unusual cleaning scenes, according to the authorities.
The air quality was poor Tuesday morning in the affected areas: stations located in Madrid or in the cities of Segovia or Avila (center) measured an air quality “extremely unfavorable”.