Pensions: the truth about special diets

Posted Nov 16, 2022 7:00 AM

The explosive dossier is on the table again. The government has put the subject of special schemes on the menu of the second “cycle” of consultation on pension reform which opens this week with the social partners. To frame the discussions on “equity” and “social justice” of the pension reform planned for the summer of 2023, the unions and employers received from the executive a “panorama” of these existing schemes before the birth. of the general social security system in 1945 and offering more favorable retirement conditions than the latter.

Overview of the specificities of these highly criticized regimes:

· Retirement ages at 48 at the Opera, 57 at the RATP

At the heart of the concerns of the executive, the retirement age varies greatly from one special scheme to another and even within the schemes. Stepping up to the plate during the last attempt at reform in 2019, the dancers of the Paris Opera leave on average at 48 years old and its technical staff at 57.5 years old, but the Minister of Labor, Olivier Dussopt, however excluded d include this scheme in the reform.

In particular, the plan for the electricity and gas industries (IEG) where the average retirement age is 60 or that of the RATP where it is close to 57 remain on the table. A notable difference with the legal age of departure from the general scheme that the government plans to raise from 62 today to 65 by 2031.

Plans of very different sizes

The main special scheme that the government has in its sights is therefore that of electricity and gas, which has some 135,000 contributors including EDF and Engie staff and some 139,600 pensioners (a very unfavorable demographic ratio). This is a particularly sensitive issue at a time of the energy crisis and the difficulties encountered by EDF in operating its nuclear fleet.

Another large piece which the government intends to tackle is that of the special RATP scheme, with some 42,500 contributors (and 39,500 pensioners).

Other less important schemes are also targeted, such as the Banque de France (8,400 contributors). The executive stresses that “the scope of the reform must still” be discussed “.

A cost for the State of up to 3.3 billion euros

The system for the electricity and gas industries benefits from an assigned tax bringing it 1.7 billion euros, underlines the government in its overview given to the social partners when that of the SNCF, already reformed for new agents, benefits from 3, 3 billion euros in subsidies.

Among the schemes benefiting from a high level of State funding is the special pension fund for workers in State industrial establishments (FSPOEIE), financed to the tune of 1.4 billion euros, which is structurally deficit due to a particularly unfavorable relationship between the number of working people and pensioners (19,660 contributors for 67,000 direct pensioners).

Thousands of new beneficiaries per year except at the SNCF

Since 2020, new recruits at the SNCF cannot benefit from the “status” of the special regime. On the other hand, the electricity and gas industries scheme still benefited more than 4,600 people in 2021 and at the RATP more than 1,000 people were hired “by status” the same year. Good news for the latter, the government has already made it known that it favors the “grandfather clause” for its reform, that is to say that employees already covered by a special scheme at its entry into force should retain their benefits until the end of their career.

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