Like certain shoes that are too narrow today, the “foals” of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries distorted the rich feet that wore them.
The common man calls it “onion”, the scholar “Hallux valgus”. When our big toe decides to go out and meet its congeners, then its first phalanx becomes very prominent, what was only disgrace can turn into difficulty putting on shoes, pain, even disability and, in the older ones , balance problems.
Age, sex and heredity are involved. But another culprit comes into play: the shoes, too narrow and tight, especially if they are with heels and the weight of the body is on the tip of the foot, modify the anatomy of the foot. Spanish researchers have thus measured, in Archives of orthopedic and trauma surgery , the angular variation of several parameters according to x-rays taken on 424 patients classified into 3 groups: those always wearing wide-toed shoes, those always wearing tight-toed shoes, and those wearing both types. Their verdict: tight-toed shoes significantly change
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