The Mediterranean basin, a jewel of biodiversity in urgent need of protection

DECRYPTION – The region is home to a variety of extremely rich ecosystems, the current decline of which alarms specialists.

A few hours before the opening in Marseille of the World Conservation Congress, dedicated to the biodiversity crisis, all eyes turned to the Mediterranean on Friday morning with Emmanuel Macron’s visit to the Calanques National Park (see box). The peri-urban protected area created in 2012, which stretches over hills and includes a vast marine space, is a “Successful conservation example”, according to the Élysée. “When effectively managed, protected areas lead to an increase in the abundance and size of fish”adds Sébastien Moncorps, director general of the French committee of the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature), citing the Côte Bleu marine park as an example. Located west of Marseille, this other sanctuary is on the IUCN’s green list of protected areas, which distinguishes the most effective preservation projects.

But these examples are unfortunately still too rare in the Mediterranean. Less

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